You will find an introduction and outline of Micah here.
A prayer to use before reading from the Book of Common Worship
God of mercy, you promised never to break your covenant with us. Amid all the changing words of our generation, speak your eternal Word that does not change. Then may we respond to your gracious promises with faithful obedient lives; through our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen.
An Outline of Micah, after Hicks and Brueggemann and March
I. 1:1-5:15 The Reign of the Lord Over the Nations
B. 1-2-3:12 Threats directed against Samaria and Jerusalem
C. 4:1-5:15 Prophecies of Israel’s glorious future and the restoration of the Davidic kingdom: A series of poems about Israel’s future, “on that day”. Some scholars think this section of the book is from the time of the exile or post exile. Others think editors after Micah repurposed Micah’s work for later readers.
4:1-8: The Ideal Age: These verses contain three poems, verses 1-4 are almost identical to Isaiah 2:2-4. All people and nations come to the Lord’s mountain. Notice what life is like in this age of peace. Verse 5 is similar to Isaiah 2:5 and may have been an antiphonal response to verses 1-4. In verses 6-8 the “tower of the flock” is another name for Jerusalem. Here are more promises of restoration. The word translated at “lame” is used also to describe Jacob in Gen 32:31. It’s use here may be a reference to Israel.
4:9-10 The Lord will rescue Israel. This is the first of three sayings, beginning with “now” which contrast the difficult present with God’s future deliverance. Notice the reference to Babylon.
4:11-13 These verses use the imagery of the threshing floor.
5:1-5 The third “now”. To strike someone on the cheek was an insult. 5:2 -5a are a messianic poem. The shepherd king will come from Bethlehem, as did David from the insignificant clan of Judah. Christians interpret this poem to be about Jesus.
5:5-9 Rule among Adversaries: Verses 5-6 Assyria will not rule over Israel. The land of Nimrod refers to Assyria. Israel will have plenty of leaders to protect it. In veres 7-9 God’s remnant will be a blessing or a curse, depending on the nations’/peoples’ response.
5:10-15 “In that day” there will be no reliance on war, or pagan gods. All that is offensive to God will be removed.
II. 6:1-7:20 The Reign of the Lord Over His People:This final section of Micah has four sections of different genres and extend the themes of the first section, chapters 1-3.
A.6:1-7.7 A series of laments, threats, and denunciations against all classes of Israelites:
6:1-8 God’s controversy and requirements: There are frequent shifts of speakers. Verse 1- The Lord, Verse 2 the prophet, verses 3-5 the Lord, verses 6-7 spokesperson for the community, verse 8 the prophet. A “controversy” is another way of speaking about a lawsuit. The “witnesses” are the hills and mountains and the foundations of the earth. Notice in verse 4 that Miriam is mentioned along with Moses and Aaron. How can Israel not be faithful, considering all that God has done? Verse 8 is the well known summary of God’s requirements.
6:6-16 Jerusalem will be punished: Jerusalem is as bad as Samaria (see verse 16). These verses can be read as either a separate oracle or as the “sentence” from the previous lawsuit.
7:1-7 A Time of Trial:A lament. The speaker is feminine. Society breaks down, no one can be trusted. But the faithful wait.
B.7:8-20 God will show his steadfast love to Israel and shame will cover her enemies: This section may have been used in worship, notice its liturgical feel. Verses 8-10 are a song of trust. Verses 11-13 are a promise of restoration. Verses 14-17 are a prayer. Verses 18-20 are an affirmation of God’s mercy.
Read More About It:
Here are several good sources to aid your reading.
Anderson, Bernhard W., Katheryn Pfister Darr, Understanding the Old Testament Abridged fourth Edition. (Upper Saddle River,New Jersey: Prentice Hall) 1998.
The New Interpreter’s Bible, Vol 7, Keck, Leander E. ed. (Nashville: Abingdon Press) 2001.
Hicks, R. Lansing, Walter Brueggemann, “Micah” in The New Oxford Annotated Bible with Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books, Metzger,Bruce M.;Murphy,Roland E., eds. (New York:Oxford University Press) 1994.
March, W. Eugene, “Micah” in HarperCollins Bible Commentary Mays, James L. ed.(San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco) 2000.
Mobley, Gregory, “Micah” in The New Oxford Annotated Bible with Apocrypha: New Revised Standard Version.Coogan, Michael D.; Brettler, Marc Z.; Perkins,Pheme; Newsom, Carol A. (2010-01-20) Oxford University Press. Kindle Edition.