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You will find an introduction and outline of Micah here.

A prayer to use before reading from the Book of Common Worship

God of mercy, you promised never to break your covenant with us. Amid all the changing words of our generation, speak your eternal Word that does not change. Then may we respond to your gracious promises with faithful obedient lives; through our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen.

An Outline of Micah, after Hicks and Brueggemann and March

I. 1;1-5:15 The Reign of the Lord Over the Nations

A.1.1 Superscription: “Micah” means “Who is like the Lord?”. Moresheth was about 25 miles southwest of Jerusalem and was a small village. This superscription is similar to those found in the books of Hosea, Amos and Zephaniah. Notice that Micah “saw” the “word of the Lord”. Judean prophecy could have this form, see Isaiah, Ezekiel, Amos,Obadiah, Nahum, Habakkuk.

B. 1-2-3:12 Threats directed against Samaria and Jerusalem because of the corruption of their religious and political leaders.

1:2-16 Mourning inescapable destruction:  Jacob, in verse 5 is another way to refer to Israel. High places are open air shrines but in verse 5 may refer to Solomon’s Temple. Verses 8-9 bring the judgment against Samaria (v3-7) to the gate of Jerusalem. Remember Samaria is the capital of the Northern Kingdom and Jerusalem is the capital of the Southern Kingdom.  In verse 8, to go “barefoot and naked” is a symbol of mourning. Jackals and ostriches often were found around ruins and they make eerie  sounds, so they were associated with desolation. Many of the places named in this chapter have not been positively identified. Of the places we can locate, are southwest of Jerusalem and protect routes approaching Jerusalem. The annals of Sennacherib the Assyrian ruler tells of capturing 46 cities, laying seine to Jerusalem and taking away many captives. That may be the historical setting for these verses. These verses,10-16, have a pun in almost every verse in Hebrew. The puns are lost in translation. Baldness was an extreme form of mourning.

2:1-5 Woe to greedy land grabbers: Recall that Torah has rules about how to deal with neighbors and with the land. By their evil deeds, the economic and societal structures of Israel are threatened. Verse 5 “cast the line by lot” is away to acquire the title to a piece of land.

2:6-11 Against false preaching: The word translated at “reach” can also mean “rant” or “rave”. Micah’s message is not what people want to hear. But to do otherwise is to mislead the people.

2:12-13 The Gathering of Jacob: These verses may be an addition after the attack on Jerusalem in 587 BCE or it may reflect the hope that after the fall of Samaria in 722/721 those exiles might return.God is presented a shepherd and king.

3:1-4 Unjust Cannibals:Corrupt judicial rulers as described as cannibals.

3:5-8 Against mercenary prophets: “Thus says the Lord” is a standard prophetic introduction.

3:9-12 The summary of this section: Inescapable Judgment: The theological assumption of that time was that God has chosen a Davidic king and Jerusalem and thus God would protect and maintain both the king and Jerusalem. So the leaders did not worry as in verse 11. Micah, has a different view. The prophecy in verse 12 was quoted at the trial of Jeremiah (Jer 26:18).

Read More About It:

Here are several good sources to aid your reading.

Anderson, Bernhard W., Katheryn Pfister Darr, Understanding the Old Testament Abridged fourth Edition. (Upper Saddle River,New Jersey: Prentice Hall) 1998.

The New Interpreter’s Bible, Vol 7, Keck, Leander E. ed. (Nashville: Abingdon Press) 2001.

Hicks, R. Lansing, Walter Brueggemann, “Micah” in The New Oxford Annotated Bible with Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books, Metzger,Bruce M.;Murphy,Roland E., eds. (New York:Oxford University Press) 1994.

March, W. Eugene, “Micah” in  HarperCollins Bible Commentary Mays, James L. ed.(San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco) 2000.

Mobley, Gregory, “Micah” in The New Oxford Annotated Bible with Apocrypha: New Revised Standard Version.Coogan, Michael D.; Brettler, Marc Z.; Perkins,Pheme; Newsom, Carol A. (2010-01-20) Oxford University Press. Kindle Edition.

 

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