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You will find an introduction and outline, here.

A prayer from the Book of Common Worship, for your use before reading;

Blessed Lord, who caused all holy scriptures to be written for our learning: Grant us so to hear them, read, mark, learn, and inwardly digest them, that we may embrace and ever hold fast the blessed hope of everlasting life, which you have given us in our Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen.

Key: T- Testament, A- Apologetic passages, E- Exhortations

1:1-2 Address and greeting

T1 1:3-11 Theme: A summary of Peter’s message:

v3-4: God’s past activity

v 5-10 ethical exhortation

v 11 promise of eschatological salvation

 Bauckham says this passage “translates” the message of the apostles into Hellenistic religious terms. For example the list of virtues in verses 5-7 are Hellenistic/pagan ideals which are placed into a Christian context.

How would you summarize Peter’s message in a sentence or two?

T2 1:12-15 Occasion: Peter’s Testament: 2 Peter as the testament of Peter, a reminder of Peter’s teaching.

A1 1:16-19 First Apologetic section:

 Verse 16 Peter’s response to the opponents’ objection (The the apostles have made it all up.)

+Verse 16b-18 The Transfiguration is cited in response to the objection. The tradition is based on actual events to which there were eyewitnesses. And also the tradition is based on OT prophecy.

A2 1:20-21 Second Apologetic section: A second objection that tries to undermine the appeal to prophecy is refuted.

T3 2:1-3a Peter’s prediction of false teachers Now the opponents are introduced- false teachers.

A3 2:3b-10a Third Apologetic section: what is in store for false teachers. But the righteous are rescued.

E1 2:10-b-22 Denunciation of opponents : The opponents are deliberate sinners. Not only have they themselves sinned, but they have led others astray. Notice how from 2:10 on, the text closely resembles Jude.

T4 3:1-4 Peter’s prediction of scoffers: A return to testimony. The opponents doubt the Parousia. But the scoffers themselves are themselves a sign of the “last days”.

A4 3:5-10 Fourth Apologetic section: two replies to the scoffers question in verse 4

verse 5-7 the existence of the world depends on the Creator, who created, destroyed by water and will judge again.

verse 8-9 God’s time is not the same as ours. In fact, God’s delay allows more to come to repentance.

E2 3:11-16 Exhortation While believers wait for the new heavens and new earth (v 13), they are to be righteous. Notice the reference to Paul and his letters. Notice the reference to Paul’s letters as scripture.

3:17-18 Conclusion: the warning against false teachers is repeated.

Read More About It

Bauckham, Richard J. “2 Peter” in HarperCollins Bible Commentary, rev. ed.James L Mays, ed. (New York: Society of Bible Literature) 2000.

Johnson, Luke Timothy, The Writings of the New Testament: An Interpretation, rev. ed. (Minneapolis:Fortress Press) 1999. Chapter 21, “2 Peter and Jude”.

Quanbeck, Warren, Pheme Perkins, “2 Peter”  in The New Oxford Annotated Bible, Bruce M. Metzger, Roland E. Murphy eds. (New York: Oxford University Press) 1994.

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